6. On Farm Animal Health Management
This section refers to internal biosecurity (keeping diseases under control and from spreading around your farm from sick to healthy animals) and consists of protocols that help control the spread of disease as well as immunization programs making your pigs more resistant to becoming infected.
6.1 Animal health management protocols
6.1.1 Understand the current health status of your pigs determined by clinical signs and testing in order to control diseases within the herd.
6.1.2 Develop protocols relating to pig movement, people movement and treatment to prevent the spread within the farm of contaminants from infected to non-infected pigs. One example would be to avoid exposing young pigs to Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae or ileitis until they are immune.
6.1.3 Retaining suboptimal pigs and moving them back to younger groups is a practice that contributes to exposing young pigs to infections.
Avoid moving suboptimal pigs back to younger age groups.
6.1.4 If a pig is moved into a hospital pen outside of his/her source room, do not return to original room.
188.8.131.52 Sanitize hospital pen frequently.
184.108.40.206 Daily observation of the hospital pen is needed.
- Record sick pig entry, treatments (required by CQA in any case) and mortality.
6.1.5 Treat and handle sick pigs last.
6.1.6 Disinfect instruments between pigs or at least litters. Disposable gloves should be changed frequently, particularly if diseases such as diarrhea occur. Boot dips are seldom adequate to disinfect boots (usually contact time is too short) however, if used, a daily, or more frequently if contaminated, fresh solution is needed.
6.1.7 Use the treatment plan set-up at the CQA visit.
6.1.8 Have a written disease response plan ready to go.
220.127.116.11 Prepare the plan with your veterinarian.
18.104.22.168 Establish criteria for a self- quarantine (with TGE, for example).
Have current prescriptions on hand.
6.2 Pig Immunization
6.2.1 Follow the farm treatment and vaccination program.
22.214.171.124 The plan may include controlled exposure such as with acclimatization after the quarantine period.
126.96.36.199 Vaccine usage and handling should be included in the protocol.
6.2.2 Never use needles between rooms or different batches of pigs when there may be health differences.
- Have a written plan and protocol prepared in conjunction with your veterinarian.
- There should be a record of the training of the employee doing the vaccinations.